Are you thinking about buying a more eco-friendly vehicle? Would you like to have an electric car or plug-in hybrid, but you’re not sure which would be more appropriate for you, or what all the weird abbreviations mean? We have prepared a short guide to the world of electricity on four wheels.
When we are talking about cars with alternative drivetrains, we usually use terms like EV, BEV, EREV, PHEV or FCEV. These actually describe the technology very accurately and, at the same time reveal, the intended use of the car. BEV – Electric Vehicle EV, interchangeable with BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle), is an abbreviation for the basic form of an electric vehicle that has no internal combustion engine (ICE). It is driven by an electric motor which gets energy from electricity that is stored in batteries. The most commonly-used batteries in electric vehicles are lithium-ion(Li-Ion) batteries or upgraded lithium-polymer batteries (Li-Poly). Assisted by chargers of varying strengths (which are powered by direct or alternate currents), batteries are charged on the public electricity network, and they also gain energy by regenerative braking – the transformation of the energy of the car as it brakes, into electricity that can increase the drive range by one-fifth. The ranges of electric vehicles depend on the battery capacity, but these days most of them can carry you around 200 kilometers on a single full charge, which suffices for everyday errands. Of course, there are also more expensive exceptions that can manage twice this range. If your daily routes range between 100 to 150 kilometers, and you can undertake longer journeys with a different car (or different kind of transport), then an EV is the right choice for you.